What Is Strabismus?

Strabismus Ophthalmologist Hampton Roads Va
At Hampton Roads Eye Associates of Oyster Point, we diagnose and treat conditions of the eye. We provide comprehensive vision exams and monitor vision and eye health throughout your life. We will discuss a condition of the eye known as strabismus.

Strabismus is a condition in which the two eyes do not align and work together properly. This condition may be constant or it may come and go. It may be unilateral, always affecting the same eye, or it may alternate between the two eyes. If you have strabismus, then one eye will look directly at an object, but the other eye is misaligned. It may turn inward (esotropia) or outward (exotropia). There can also be vertical misalignment in which one eye turns upward (hypertropia) or downward (hypotropia).

Statistics indicate that approximately 4% of the U.S. population has strabismus.

Strabismus is frequently diagnosed during a routine eye exam. People with strabismus may experience double vision or blurred vision, headaches or eye strain. You may notice misaligned eyes in yourself or in your child. Exotropia (outward-turning eye), often occurs if a child is tired or daydreaming.

In some cases, strabismus is caused by a problem with the eye muscle. Usually, however, it occurs when the neuromuscular control of the eye movement is not functioning properly. In adults, stroke is the most common cause of strabismus, however, neurological problems and thyroid eye disorders can also lead to the condition. Trauma leading to brain damage, or damage to the nerves or muscles that affect eye movement may cause strabismus.

Treatments include eyeglasses to straighten the eyes, surgery to correct the eye muscles, patching the strong eye. Routine exams, which lead to early diagnosis and treatment help improve the outcome of treatment. For more information or to schedule an appointment, contact us at (757) 643-8800.