What Is Strabismus?

Strabismus Ophthalmologist Hampton Roads Va
At Hampton Roads Eye Associates of Oyster Point, we diagnose and treat conditions of the eye. We provide comprehensive vision exams and monitor vision and eye health throughout your life. We will discuss a condition of the eye known as strabismus.

Strabismus is a condition in which the two eyes do not align and work together properly. This condition may be constant or it may come and go. It may be unilateral, always affecting the same eye, or it may alternate between the two eyes. If you have strabismus, then one eye will look directly at an object, but the other eye is misaligned. It may turn inward (esotropia) or outward (exotropia). There can also be vertical misalignment in which one eye turns upward (hypertropia) or downward (hypotropia).

Statistics indicate that approximately 4% of the U.S. population has strabismus.

Strabismus is frequently diagnosed during a routine eye exam. People with strabismus may experience double vision or blurred vision, headaches or eye strain. You may notice misaligned eyes in yourself or in your child. Exotropia (outward-turning eye), often occurs if a child is tired or daydreaming.

In some cases, strabismus is caused by a problem with the eye muscle. Usually, however, it occurs when the neuromuscular control of the eye movement is not functioning properly. In adults, stroke is the most common cause of strabismus, however, neurological problems and thyroid eye disorders can also lead to the condition. Trauma leading to brain damage, or damage to the nerves or muscles that affect eye movement may cause strabismus.

Treatments include eyeglasses to straighten the eyes, surgery to correct the eye muscles, patching the strong eye. Routine exams, which lead to early diagnosis and treatment help improve the outcome of treatment. For more information or to schedule an appointment, contact us at (757) 643-8800.

What is Blepharitis?

Blepharitis Treatment Hampton Roads, VABlepharitis literally means “inflamed lid,” but actual blepharitis presents itself in varied ways:

  • eye and lid irritation or itchiness

  • swollen lids

  • red eyes

  • oily flakes at the base of lashes

  • burning feeling around the eyes

  • tearing

  • foreign body sensation

Your doctor can easily diagnose blepharitis with an undilated eye exam. People with dandruff or oily skin are typically more prone to the condition.

Blepharitis does not cause permanent vision impairment. In some cases, decreased vision is temporarily experienced when the tear film is compromised (much like one would experience with dry-eye symptoms).

Treatment is regimented, as it is a chronic condition that requires maintenance. Initially, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic to alleviate symptoms quickly; but proper lid hygiene is a requirement for successful treatment.

Daily maintenance typically includes:

  • warm compresses

  • lid scrubs

  • artificial tears

Each case is different, but patients with blepharitis do not usually have to refrain from wearing makeup or contact lenses when they are diagnosed. The most important aspect of treatment is a daily regimen of lid hygiene every morning and night to ensure that irritants are removed, and the lids are cleared of debris that accumulates during the day. In some cases, simple lid massage in the shower is enough to eliminate symptoms.

Although this is typically a minor problem, extreme cases can be very painful and irritating, and you should seek medical attention. Hampton Roads Eye Associates Oyster Point treats blepharitis; so if you are having symptoms and would like to schedule an appointment, please contact us at 757.643.8800.

What Are Floaters?

What Are Floaters?Have you ever seen a squiggly line or a bright white floater in your field of vision? You may be experiencing floaters. Perhaps you see specks, dots, or little “cobwebs” that float around in your field of vision. These small, shadowy shapes also sometimes look like thready strands or squiggly lines. They move when your eyes move and appear to move away when you try to look at them directly. When your eyes stop moving, they usually drift. They may appear to be in front of your eye, but actually they are floating inside.

Causes of Floaters

Most floaters are small flecks of protein called collagen. They are part of the gel-like substance in the back of the eye called the vitreous. The vitreous is a gel-like substance that helps your eye maintain a round shape actually shrinks with age. When the vitreous shrinks, it becomes stringy and the resulting strands cast little shadows on the retina, which are commonly known as floaters.

For most people, floaters happen with age. About one-quarter of people in their 60s and about two-thirds of people in their 80s have floaters. Also, people who have had cataract surgery, an eye injury and those who are diabetic or nearsighted are more likely to have floaters.

Floaters are typically common and often increase with age. If your floaters are merely annoying, doctors advise moving your eyes up and down, or left and right, to move a floater.. If floaters appear suddenly or become more frequent, it can be a sign of a serious eye disorder such as:

  • Detached retina

  • Torn retina

  • Bleeding in your vitreous

  • Inflamed vitreous or retina caused by infection or autoimmune condition

  • Eye tumors

Retinal tears and detachments may be painless, but are serious conditions. If you are concerned about your vision, contact your doctor right away. Hampton Roads Eye Associates of Oyster Point is ready and able to care for all of your visual issues and acute vision needs. Please do not hesitate to contact us at 757.643.8800. For questions about your floaters or to make an appointment, contact us.