Common Vision Problems, Part II

Common eye problems This blog continues last month’s theme: conditions which may limit vision and diseases of the eye which we commonly encounter in our practice at Hampton Roads Eye Associates in Newport News, VA. We hope you will come in for an annual vision examination, particularly if you notice any of the conditions below affecting your or a loved one’s visual acuity.

Low Vision — While most visual changes can be corrected by glasses, medicine or surgery, visual changes caused by eye disease, poor health or injury can cause permanent vision loss. If the loss is total, the result is blindness. If it is partial, the result is a vision impairment known as “low vision.” A person with low vision has severely reduced visual acuity or a significantly obstructed field of vision – or both.

Myopia (nearsightedness) — is a visual condition in which close objects are seen clearly, but objects farther away appear blurred. Nearsightedness occurs if the eyeball is too long or the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, has too much curvature. As a result, the light entering the eye isn’t focused correctly and distant objects look blurred.

Astigmatism (uneven focusing of light) — is a visual condition that causes blurred vision due either to the irregular shape of the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, or sometimes the curvature of the lens inside the eye. An irregularly-shaped cornea or lens prevents light from focusing properly on the retina, the light-sensitive surface at the back of the eye. As a result, vision becomes blurred at any distance.

Hyperopia (farsightedness) — is a visual condition in which distant objects are usually seen clearly, but close objects do not come into proper focus. Farsightedness occurs if your eyeball is too short or the cornea has too little curvature, so light entering your eye is not focused correctly.

Dry Eye  —  Dry eyes occur when your tears aren’t able to provide adequate moisture for your eyes.  When tears do not adequately lubricate the eye, a person may experience pain, light sensitivity, itchiness, redness and blurred vision. Though dry eyes cannot be cured, there are a number of steps that can be taken to treat them. Dry eye may also occur as a side effect of medication.

Whether you notice yourself struggling to read road signs at night, or holding your restaurant menu as far away from you as your arms will stretch once you hit your 40s, vision problems eventually affect most of us. But we are fortunate to have options available for eyeglasses and contact lenses we wouldn’t have dreamed of even 20 years ago.

If you want lineless trifocals, or contact lenses which correct for myopia, astigmatism and dry eye, Hampton Roads Eye Associates Oyster Point has expert ophthalmologists to diagnose your eye condition and write you a prescription to correct it — plus its own optical shop on site where you can order the glasses frames or type of contact lenses recommended for you.

Please contact us at (757) 643-8800 to make a visual examination appointment. We love helping our patients see better so you can work and play without headaches, eye strain or discomfort.

Hampton Roads Physician – Dr. Denise Chamblee

Dr. Denise Chamblee pediatric ophthalmologistHampton Roads Eye Associates of Oyster Point is so pleased to announce that Dr. Denise Chamblee is on the April 17, 2017 cover of Hampton Roads Physician, a publication for and about the local medical community. This publication recognizes the achievements of the local medical community and offers a spotlight on our very own, Dr. Denise Chamblee, pediatric ophthalmologist. She discusses her inspiration for becoming an ophthalmologist and the new advancements in ophthalmology that are identifying vision problems earlier in children than ever before. To learn more about Dr. Chamblee and her passion for helping children through pediatric ophthalmology, read Hampton Roads Physician.

Common Vision Problems, Part I

vision problems glaucoma Hampton Roads VAAt Hampton Roads Eye Associates Oyster Point, we like to emphasize the importance of preventive care. Your precious eyesight needs to be checked annually or every two years, depending on your age and pre-existing eye conditions. We can help you and yours see more clearly by screening for multiple eye diseases and conditions, including:

A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision for millions in the United States. Most cataracts are related to aging. By age 80, more than half of all Americans either have a cataract or have had cataract surgery.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that blurs the sharp, central vision you need for “straight-ahead” activities such as reading, sewing and driving. AMD is a leading cause of vision loss in Americans 50 years of age and older.

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye’s optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. With early treatment, individuals can often protect their eyes against serious vision loss.

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes and a leading cause of blindness. It occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. A healthy retina is necessary for good vision.

Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is the medical term used when the vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. The eye itself looks normal, but it is not being used normally because the brain is favoring the other eye.

Strabismus, also known as crossed eyes or wall eye, involves deviation of the alignment of one eye in relation to the other. It is caused by a lack of coordination between the eyes. As a result, the eyes look in different directions and do not focus simultaneously on a single point.

Heredity, coupled with lifestyle factors such as smoking, high blood pressure and obesity, can complicate ocular diseases; so please do not hesitate to contact us at (757) 643-8800 or schedule an appointment online if you recognize symptoms of any of the common eye disorders listed above. Next month, Hampton Roads Eye Associates will be examining several other eye conditions for which early detection and treatment can be eyesight-saving!