This blog continues last month’s theme: conditions which may limit vision and diseases of the eye which we commonly encounter in our practice at Hampton Roads Eye Associates in Newport News, VA. We hope you will come in for an annual vision examination, particularly if you notice any of the conditions below affecting your or a loved one’s visual acuity.
Low Vision — While most visual changes can be corrected by glasses, medicine or surgery, visual changes caused by eye disease, poor health or injury can cause permanent vision loss. If the loss is total, the result is blindness. If it is partial, the result is a vision impairment known as “low vision.” A person with low vision has severely reduced visual acuity or a significantly obstructed field of vision – or both.
Myopia (nearsightedness) — is a visual condition in which close objects are seen clearly, but objects farther away appear blurred. Nearsightedness occurs if the eyeball is too long or the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, has too much curvature. As a result, the light entering the eye isn’t focused correctly and distant objects look blurred.
Astigmatism (uneven focusing of light) — is a visual condition that causes blurred vision due either to the irregular shape of the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, or sometimes the curvature of the lens inside the eye. An irregularly-shaped cornea or lens prevents light from focusing properly on the retina, the light-sensitive surface at the back of the eye. As a result, vision becomes blurred at any distance.
Hyperopia (farsightedness) — is a visual condition in which distant objects are usually seen clearly, but close objects do not come into proper focus. Farsightedness occurs if your eyeball is too short or the cornea has too little curvature, so light entering your eye is not focused correctly.
Dry Eye — Dry eyes occur when your tears aren’t able to provide adequate moisture for your eyes. When tears do not adequately lubricate the eye, a person may experience pain, light sensitivity, itchiness, redness and blurred vision. Though dry eyes cannot be cured, there are a number of steps that can be taken to treat them. Dry eye may also occur as a side effect of medication.
Whether you notice yourself struggling to read road signs at night, or holding your restaurant menu as far away from you as your arms will stretch once you hit your 40s, vision problems eventually affect most of us. But we are fortunate to have options available for eyeglasses and contact lenses we wouldn’t have dreamed of even 20 years ago.
If you want lineless trifocals, or contact lenses which correct for myopia, astigmatism and dry eye, Hampton Roads Eye Associates Oyster Point has expert ophthalmologists to diagnose your eye condition and write you a prescription to correct it — plus its own optical shop on site where you can order the glasses frames or type of contact lenses recommended for you.
Please contact us at (757) 643-8800 to make a visual examination appointment. We love helping our patients see better so you can work and play without headaches, eye strain or discomfort.